Wednesday, July 2, 2008

China - The Insurance Giant in Asia-Pac

Authors: Nishith Srivastava & Akash Rakyan

China has been the fastest-growing nation for the past quarter of a century with an average annual GDP growth rate above 10%. Chinese economy is the 4th largest in the world after the US, Japan and Germany, with a nominal GDP of US$3.42 trillion (2007) when measured in exchange-rate terms.

China is the world’s largest untapped insurance market. With GDP growth of over 10% per annum, rapid economic development and a burgeoning consumer class, China has the potential to become one of the world’s most significant insurance markets. Driven by a variety of demographic, economic and regulatory factors, this growth should continue at a solid pace for the foreseeable future. As of late 2004, China was fully compliant with its WTO insurance-related accession provisions, giving foreign firms greater market access. While domestic players dominate the market, foreign insurers are gradually attaining greater market share. Challenges remain, however, and include an overall lack of management talent, unsophisticated consumers, poor distribution channels and non-transparent regulatory approval processes.

Several factors are responsible for this astounding level of growth. Some of the most noticeable ones are China’s aging population; high savings rate and poor social security systems as well as an increasing number of wealthy consumers segment that is spurring growth in the property and casualty, auto and health insurance sectors. Compared to its regional peers, the Chinese market is still substantially smaller than Japan and marginally smaller than South Korea. It is, however, the fastest-growing market in both absolute and relative terms, growing by $61.17 billion and 169.63% between 2002 and 2007. This rapid development of the Chinese insurance market is driven by economic growth, but premium growth has outstripped economic growth consistently over the past five years.

In 1996, total premium .i.e. life insurance and non-life insurance combined was $12.84 billion and in 2007, it was estimated to be $97.23 billion. Between 1996 and 2007, Chinese Insurance sector experienced a CAGR of approximately 20.21%. Between 1996 and 2000, life segment had an increase of $13.11 billion from $7.14 billion to $18.56 billion and between 2002 and 2007, an increase of $37.47 billion from $24.26 billion in 2002 to $61.73 billion. We forecast that life insurance premiums in 2011 will be $108.12 billion. In non-life segment, between 1996 and 2007, a growth of $29.80 billion was seen from $5.70 billion in 1996 and $35.50 billion in 2007. It is expected that non-life premiums in 2011 will be $64.37 billion.

Major Driving Factors
=> Variety of demographic, economic and regulatory factors
=> Demand from Commercial Property Segment
=> Increased risk awareness and demand for sophisticated products
=> Improved expertise of local insurers
=> Guarantee rate reform and many other....

Major Trends & Issues
=> Foreign entrants facing ownership restrictions with respect to joint ventures
=> Regulatory obstacles for foreign companies
=> Use of bank channels by insurance companies to reach out to consumers in non-urban areas.
=> Customer loyalty in China’s insurance market is very thin, and customers are easily poached.
=> The State Council having recently cleared the way for banks to invest in established insurance companies on a pilot basis
=> Focus from price competition has shifted to developing new products and expanding the overall size of the insurance market
=> Low penetration as a result of low customer awareness
=> Need of further capacity and expertise in specialist areas such as MAT, energy, liability insurance
=> And many other....

Emerging Areas
=> Longer-term foreign exchange life insurance policies
=> Cross-sector investment (e.g., investment in banks), and an expansion of investment classifications (asset-backed securities, property, industry funds, offshore markets, etc.) for insurers.
=> Development of a Stock Broker Market
=> Growth of domestic reinsurance capacity
=> And many other....

As per China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC) as of June 30, 2006, there were around 100 insurance companies in China. Out of these 100 companies, there were 56 domestic insurance companies and 44 foreign insurance companies. Domestic insurance companies had a market share of approximately 93.3% and the remaining 6.7% was controlled by the foreign insurance companies. The entire market is quite fragmented and most of these 56 domestic insurance companies are region-centric and are strong in their respective markets. The largest foreign companies are AIU (a subsidiary of AIG), Tokio Marine, and Mitsui Somitomo. As new players have entered the market, competition has intensified significantly, as the existing players fight to maintain their market share.

Topics covered in the report
=> Trend analysis of Chinese economy & macroeconomic factors contributing to the growth of the sector
=> China’s position in the context of emerging countries
=> Historical growth trends & growth drivers of Insurance & its sub-sectors in China and outlook till 2011.
=> Market size of insurance sector (total, life & non-life) since 2000 till 2007
=> Market forecast of insurance sector (total, life & non-life) between 2007 and 2011
=> Government policies, initiatives, regulations and problems faced by foreign insurers
=> Key issues & challenges, major trends & opportunities
=> Role of stock brokers, banks, domestic reinsurance and bancassurance segments
=> Industry and markets with best prospects for insurance products
=> Government’s initiatives to promote & regulate the insurance market
=> Competitive landscape and market share of top players
=> And many more...


Table of Contents

METHODOLOGY & RESEARCH APPROACH

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1. CHINA
1.1. CHINESE ECONOMY
1.1.1. Macroeconomic trends
1.2. GOVERNMENT POLICIES
1.2.1. Three-Step Regional Development Strategy
1.2.2. The 11th Five-Year Program (2006-2010)
1.2.3. Development of Energy-Efficient Society

2. CHINESE INSURANCE SECTOR
2.1. MARKET OVERVIEW
2.1.1. Insurance Sector vs. Macro-Economic Factors
2.1.2. Market Constituents
2.2. MARKET PERFORMANCE & FORECAST (1996-2011)
2.2.1. Chinese Insurance Market
2.2.1.1. Chinese Life Insurance Market
2.2.1.2. Chinese Non-Life Insurance Market
2.3. TRENDS, ISSUES AND OPPORTUNITIES – AN ANALYSIS
2.3.1. Demand from Commercial Property Segment
2.3.2. Increasing Population and Prospective Buyers
2.3.3. Middle-men or Broker Market
2.3.4. Entry of Banks
2.3.5. Increasing risk awareness & demand for innovative products
2.3.6. Guarantee rate reform
2.3.7. Development of domestic reinsurance markets
2.3.8. Regulatory obstacles
2.3.9. Other major issues & trends
2.4. GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS
2.5. COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE
2.5.1. Market Segmentation
2.5.1.1. Competition in Life Insurance Sector
2.5.1.2. Competition in Non-Life Insurance Sector
2.5.2. Driving Factors
2.5.3. Company Profiles
2.5.3.1. China Life Insurance Company Limited
2.5.3.2. China Pacific
2.5.3.3. Ping An
2.5.3.4. New China Life

Pages: 82; Format: PDF



List of Charts
Chart 1: China’s GDP Growth (1952-2005)
Chart 2: Macroeconomic Data & Factors
Chart 3: Total Premium Growth vs. GDP Growth (%) – 1996-2007e
Chart 4: Growth (%): Life vs. Non-Life vs. Total Premium vs. GDP (%) – 1996-2008f
Chart 5: Chinese Insurance Market: Segment Share
Chart 6: China Insurance Market Value ($billion): 2000-2007e
Chart 7: China Insurance Market Value Forecast ($ billion): 2008-2011f
Chart 8: Growth Trend of Life Insurance and Non-Life Insurance ($billion): 1996-2007e
Chart 9: GDP Growth vs. Total Premium Growth vs. Life Insurance Growth (%) – 1996-2007e
Chart 10: Life Insurance Market in China: 1996-2007e ($ billions)
Chart 11: Life Insurance Market in China: Forecast 2007-2011f ($billions)
Chart 12: GDP Growth vs. Total Premium Growth vs. Non-life Insurance Growth (%) – 1996-2008f
Chart 13: Sub-sector share of Non-life Insurance Market in China
Chart 14: Non-life Insurance Market in China: 1996-2007e ($ billions)
Chart 15: Non-life Insurance Market in China: Forecast 2007-2011f ($billions)
Chart 16: Market Share of Top 3 Domestic Life Insurance Companies
Chart 17: Market Share of Non-life Insurance Companies in China
Chart 18: Market Share of Reinsurers in China (2006)

List of Tables
Table 1: Macroeconomic Data & Factors
Table 2: Chinese GDP vs. US Dollar exchange vs. Inflation Index
Table 3: Total Premium Growth & GDP Growth (%) – 1996-2007e
Table 4: Growth (%): Life vs. Non-Life vs. Total Premium vs. GDP (%) – 1996-2008f
Table 5: China Insurance Market Value & Forecast ($ billion): 1996-2011f
Table 6: Growth Trend of Life Insurance and Non-Life Insurance ($billion): 1996-2007e
Table 7: GDP Growth vs. Total Premium Growth vs. Life Insurance Growth (%) – 1996-2007e
Table 8: Life Insurance Market in China: 1996-2007 ($ billions)
Table 9: Life Insurance Market in China: Forecast 2007-2011 ($billions)
Table 10: GDP Growth vs. Total Premium Growth vs. Non-life Insurance Growth (%) – 1996-2008f
Table 11: Non-life Insurance Market in China: 1996-2007e ($ billions)
Table 12: Non-life Insurance Market in China: Forecast 2007-2011f ($billions)
Table 13: Top Domestic and Foreign-Invested Life Insurance Firms in China
Table 14: Top Domestic and Foreign-Invested Non-Life Insurance Firms in China

1 comment:

joshua said...

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